Types of Air Compressors: Reciprocating, Rotary, Screw, Vane, Lobe

Introduction:
The usage of compressed air is not limited only to industries, but they are also used in manufacturing, welding, constructions, power plants, ships, automobile plants, painting shops, and for filling breathing apparatus too. Thus there are so many types of air compressors used specifically for the above purposes. Let us discuss on various types of air compressors.

Types of Air Compressors:
Compressors are classified in many ways out of which the common one is the classification based on the principle of operation.

Air Compressors Copper Tube

Air Compressors Copper Tube

Types of Compressors:

1. Positive Displacement and

2. Roto-Dynamic Compressors.

Positive displacement compressors cab be further divided into Reciprocating and rotary compressors.

Under the classification of reciprocating compressors, we have

In-line compressors,
“V”-shaped compressors,
Tandem Piston compressors.
Single-acting compressors,
Double-acting compressors,
Diaphragm compressors.

The rotary compressors are divided into

Screw compressors,
Vane type compressors,
Lobe and scroll compressors and other types.
Under the Roto-dynamic compressors, we have

Centrifugal compressors, and the
Axial flow compressors.
The compressors are also classified based on other aspects like

Number of stages (single-stage, 2-stage and multi-stage),
Cooling method and medium (Air cooled, water cooled and oil-cooled),
Drive types ( Engine driven, Motor driven, Turbine driven, Belt, chain, gear or direct coupling drives),
Lubrication method (Splash lubricated or forced lubrication or oil-free compressors).
Service Pressure (Low, Medium, High)
The Attached picture shows the clear classification of different types of compressors.

Compressor Types
Reciprocating In-line Compressors:
These are most commonly used compressors with varying pressure ranges. These are simple in design with almost very little automation. The cylinders of various stages are found in a straight line when seen from top. These compressors are commonly direct driven by electric motors or diesel engines. Refer the attached diagram of the reciprocating in-line compressors.

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