Types and applications of copper pipe brazing connection
A. Tin brazing connection of copper pipe
The tin brazing connection of copper pipe belongs to soft brazing. Although the brazing temperature is low and the operation is simple, its joint strength is low and its temperature resistance is poor. Therefore, it is mainly used in pipes with water medium below 2 “, such as cold and hot water supply and drainage pipes and air conditioning water pipes.
1) In ordinary welding brazing, the operator needs to add solder from the outside of the pipe and dissolve it into the gap. After cooling and crystallization, the brazed joint is formed. The quality of brazed joints shall be guaranteed by operation skills.
2) Built in tin ring type built-in tin ring type pipe fitting is that during production, an annular groove is pressed on the inner side of the sleeve of the pipe fitting, and tin brazing solder flush with the inner wall of the pipe fitting is cast in the groove. During brazing, it is not necessary to add solder, but only need to heat the joint. The heating method can adopt conventional flame heating method or electric heating method, that is, special electric heating is used to clamp it at the joint, and then electrified for heating, After dissolving the tin solder ring in the groove of the pipe fitting, fill the gap at the joint, cool and crystallize and braze the joint. The quality of brazed joints is easy to ensure, the requirements of operation skills are low, but the cost is high.
B. Phosphorus copper brazing connection of copper pipe
The phosphorus copper brazing connection of copper pipe belongs to hard brazing, with high joint strength and good temperature resistance. It is suitable for the brazing connection of large and small diameter copper pipes with various media, but its brazing temperature is high and requires high operation skills. During brazing, the temperature at the joint directly affects the wettability of the phosphor copper solder to the copper pipe and the fluidity of the solder in the brazing joint. Especially for the brazing of large-diameter copper pipe, in order to make the phosphor copper solder dissolve into the brazing joint better, the heating temperature at the joint must be controlled and the temperature uniformity in the circumferential and longitudinal directions at the joint must be maintained. If the local temperature is too hot or too low, it will affect the flow distribution of the solder in the joint, Thus affecting the quality of brazed joints.
C. Silver brazing connection of copper pipe
The silver brazing connection of copper pipe belongs to hard brazing, with high joint strength and good temperature resistance. It is also applicable to the brazing connection of large and small-diameter copper pipes of various media. Although its brazing temperature is high and the operation is difficult, compared with phosphorus copper brazing connection, under the same brazing conditions, the silver brazing solder has better wettability and fluidity, and can easily melt into and fill the brazing joint, so as to ensure the quality of the brazed joint more easily.
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